Arthur Davies Bagley, paternal relative: Gallipoli August 1915

arthurdaviesbagleyArthur Davies Bagley was born during January 1890 41 High St, Broseley, Shropshire, England at the Haberdasher's shop his mother ran (they lived above the shop.

Arthur was loosely related to me in that he was the nephew of the husband of an aunt of the husband of an niece of the wife of an uncle of the second wife of my paternal grandfather.

The actual lineage is:

  • Arthur Davies Bagley (1890 - 1915)
  • Fredrick Bagley (1855 - 1889) - father of Arthur Davies Bagley
  • Edward Bagley (1820 - 1867) - father of Fredrick Bagley
  • Alfred Bagley (1848 - 1897) - son of Edward Bagley
  • Mary Ann Edwards (1860 - ) - wife of Alfred Bagley
  • Isaac Bagley (1819 - 1886) - father of Mary Ann Edwards
  • Levi Bagley (1853 - 1940) - son of Isaac Bagley
  • David Bagley (1878 - 1917) - son of Levi Bagley
  • Amy May Yorke (1878 - 1965) - wife of David Bagley
  • Albert Yorke (1854 - 1937) - father of Amy May Yorke
  • Mary York (1816 - 1874) - mother of Albert Yorke
  • Christiannah Emma Nicholls (1857 - 1916) - daughter of Mary York
  • Charles Bassford (1852 - 1890) - husband of Christiannah Emma Nicholls
  • Mary Ann Taylor (1830 - 1900) - mother of Charles Bassford
  • Isaac Henry Bassford (1847 - 1893) - son of Mary Ann Taylor
  • Florence May Bassford (1883 - 1968) - daughter of Isaac Henry Bassford
  • Ephraim William Hyde (1887 - 1964) - husband of Florence May Bassford
  • Gilbert Wilfred Hyde (1916 - 2006) - son of Ephraim William Hyde
  • William G Hyde - me

His Family

Arthur Davies Bagley's father was Fredrick Bagley born during 1855 at Delph Side, Broseley, Shropshire, England. Frederick was the son of a Coal Miner. Broseley is located in the southern end of the Coalbrookdale coalfield and no doubt Fredericks father worked in one of the local mines.

Frederick Bagley grew up to become a Draughtsman at a local Tile works and married Laura Jane Hough during 1878 at All Saints, Church St, Broseley. Laura Jane Hough was born on 4 April 1861 in Coalport, Shropshire. Frederick & Laura set up home at 138 Chapel Terrace, Broseley. Their child, Laura Edith Bagley, was born during 1880. Unfortunately Laura Jane Hough died in April 1882.

In 1885 Frederick married for the second time, to Ann who gave him three children:

  • Frederick Walter Bagley (1886 – ?)
  • Stephen Leonard Bagley (1887 – 1973)
  • Arthur Davies Bagley (1890 – 1915)

Unfortunately, having got Ann pregnant with their third son, Arthur Davies Bagley, Frederick died at the young age of 34 in July 1889.

His wife, Ann, was an enterprising lady who had a Haberdashers businesss in Broseley High St and after the untimely death of her husband she & her three sons and Fredericks child from his first marriage, Laura Edith, moved into rooms above the shop.

By 1901 and her family had moved to 33 High St, Broseley and Ann is described as a "Fancy Dealer". The family lived above the shop. At that time a Fancy Dealer was often the name given to a Haberdasher, the Fancies being female attire or accessories to female attire.

By 1911 Athur Davies Bagley had left home in Broseley and was living in the household of John Gordon Donnelly, who had married Frederick Bagley's first child, Laura Edith. John Gordon Donnelly & Laura Edith lived at 66 Rosedale Road, Tranmere, Birkenhead, Cheshire. Athrur Davies Bagley had become a Grocers Assistant.

However, Arthur Davies Bagley ujst have dreamed of getting away from Britain (and from all the heartbreak from his early years no doubt). And in May 1911 he emigrated to Brisbans, Queensland, Australia.

His Military Service & Death

No sooner had Arthur Davies Bagley arrived in and established himself in Australia than war was declared in Europe between his home country & Germany & her allies. And on the 15th of August 1914 Arthur Davies enlisted in the Australian Army. He joined the newly formed 5th Battalion of the 1st Division of the Australian Infantry in what was to become the First Australian Imperial Force. He was a Private with Regimental Number 107 !!

After basic training in Brisbane, Arthur & the First Australian Imperial Force were loadeded a bourd ships to form a single convoy for the long trip to England where mor etraining was expected before they shipped off to the Western Front in France & Belgium. The convoy left from the Australian port of Albany in November 1914. The convoy was diverted to Egypt to stop the Ottoman Turks from siezing and blocking the Suez Canal, Britains lifeline for shipping men and materials.

Once on Egypt the First Australian Imperial Force got orders to take part in the British plan to seize a strategic advantage in World War I by capturing Constantinople, the British authorised an attack on the Gallopli peninsula. The first troops landed on 25 April 1915. After eight months of heavy fighting, the troops were withdrawn around the end of the year.

The first troops to land, at what today is called Anzac Cove, included the 5th Battalion, 1st Division, Australian Infantry.

Arthur Davies Bagley was Killed in action that very first day of the landings. He was reportedly shot in the head by a sniper, whilst attempting to offer aid to an Officer that had already been hit. He was just 25 years old.

His Burial

lonepinegalipoliArthur Davies Bagley has no known grave and is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial at Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli, Canakkale, Turkey.

Lone Pine was a strategically important plateau in the southern part of Anzac which was briefly in the hands of Australian forces following the landings on 25 April. It became a Turkish strong point from May to July, when it was known by them as 'Kanli Sirt' (Bloody Ridge).

The Australians pushed mines towards the plateau from the end of May to the beginning of August and on the afternoon of 6 August, after mine explosions and bombardment from land and sea, the position was stormed by the 1st Australian Brigade. By 10 August, the Turkish counter-attacks had failed and the position was consolidated. It was held by the 1st Australian Division until 12 September, and then by the 2nd, until the evacuation of the peninsula in December.

The Lone Pine Memorial stands on the site of the fiercest fighting at Lone Pine and overlooks the whole front line of May 1915. It commemorates more than 4,900 Australian and New Zealand servicemen who died in the Anzac area - the New Zealanders prior to the fighting in August 1915 - whose graves are not known. Others named on the memorial died at sea and were buried in Gallipoli waters.

The memorial stands in Lone Pine Cemetery. The original small battle cemetery was enlarged after the Armistice when scattered graves were brought in from the neighbourhood, and from Brown's Dip North and South Cemeteries, which were behind the Australian trenches of April-August 1915.

There are now 1,167 Commonwealth servicemen of the First World War buried or commemorated in this cemetery. 504 of the burials are unidentified. Special memorials commemorate 183 soldiers (all but one of them Australian, most of whom died in August), who were known or believed to have been buried in Lone Pine Cemetery, or in the cemeteries at Brown's Dip.