John Hartland Cadle, maternal relative: Veterinary Corps June 1918

John Hartland Cadle was born during July 1860 at Harwick Farm, Harwick, Monmouthshireshire, Wales. He was a maternal relative of mine and the actual lineage is:

  • John Hartland Cadle (1860 - 1918) - nephew of wife of stepson of my 4th great grandfather
  • Albert Cadle (1832 - 1896) - father of John Hartland Cadle
  • Joseph Cadle (1785 - 1871) - father of Albert Cadle
  • Anne (Ann) Cadle (1809 - 1888) - daughter of Joseph Cadle
  • James Priday (1804 - 1882) - husband of Anne (Ann) Cadle
  • Elizabeth Phelps (1766 - 1841) - mother of James Priday
  • John Priday (1750 - 1815) - husband of Elizabeth Phelps
  • Nathaniel Priday (1794 - 1870) - son of John Priday
  • Nathaniel Priday (1830 - 1900) - son of Nathaniel Priday
  • Joseph Priday (1853 - 1933) - son of Nathaniel Priday
  • Joseph Priday (1888 - 1954) - son of Joseph Priday
  • Alice May Priday (1917 - 2009) - daughter of Joseph Priday
  • William G Hyde - me

His Family

John Hartland Cadle's father was Albert Cadle born on 29 November 1832 in Taynton, Gloucestershire, England. Albert was the son of a farmer who went on to be a farmer of 235 acres employing 6 men & 2 boys in 1871 at Harwick Farm, Monmouthshire.

Albert married Elizabeth Hartland on 14 May 1856 at Westbury-on-Severn, Gloucestershire. Elizabeth was born during 1835 in Westbury on Severn, Gloucestershire, England and so far I have been unable to trace her death.

Albert & Elizabeth set up home at Harwick Farm and set about raising a family of 8 children:

  • Anne Elizabeth Cadle (1857 – ?)
  • Sarah Emily Cadle (1859 – ?)
  • John Hartland Cadle (1860 – 1918)
  • William Albert Cadle (1862 – ?)
  • Percy Edward Cadle (1863 – 1934)
  • Florence Mary Cadle (1866 – ?)
  • Agnes Geraldine Cadle (1867 – 1952)
  • Alice Cadle (1869 – ?)

Albert & Elizabeth moved from Harwick Farm to Thrift Wood Farm, Stanway, Gloucestershire (1881) where Albert was a Farm Baliff andf by 1891 Albert & Elizabeth were living at 32 Hilton Barn Rd, Charlton cum Hardy, Lancashire, England and Albert had become a Tobacconist!

Albert Cadle died on 13 September 1896 at Charlton cum Hardy.

John Hartland Cadle was born at Harwick Farm & baptised on 26 Aug 1860 at Itton, Monmouthshire. By 1881 he was the Farm Bailiff for Elizabeth Aulton, farmer of 265 acres who was employing 6 men, 4 women & 3 boys at Poswick Lodge, Whitbourne, Bromyard, Herefordshire, England.

In January 1885 John Hartland Cadle married Elizabeth Aulton at Bromyard, Herefordshire, England. By 1888, John was farming at Barnfields, Baswich, Staffordshire, England and by 1900 he had moved on again to farm at Showell Farm, Bushbury, Staffordshire, England.

There is a bit of a mystery too. According to the records John Hartland Cadle married Sarah Jane Allies during October 1908 at Bromyard, Herefordshire. The myustery is that the records do not show that he had divorced his first wife Elizabeth Aulton at that time (she did not die until 1931). So was he a biganist?

Sarah Jane Allies was born during January 1865 in Avenbury, Herefordshire, England and died on 6 March 1935 at Lovington Grange, Broadheath, Worcestershire, England. She too was the daughter of a farmer.

After his marriage to Sarah Jane, John moved to Haselour House, Haselour Farm, Tamworth, Staffordshire, England and he had gone from being a Farmer to being a Shepherd. And he and Sarah were only boarders at Haselour Lodge. So perhaps there was a divorce or a business falling out between John & Elizabeth Aulton which resulted in John losing his farm and having to take the lower status Shepherds post. Or perhaps, although the records show otherwise, John & Elizabeth Aulton were not actually married and it was pureley a business arrangement. For now all I can do is report the facts as known - maybe new details will emerge with time.

By 1918, John & Sarah Jane were residents at Court Farm, Bishops Frome, Worcestershire, England (John was in the Army). I am presuming that Sarah Jane was running the farm.

His Military Service

In 1914 John Hartland Cadle joined the Army Veterinary Corps at Woolwich, Kent as a Private and was allocated Regimental Number SE/12297 and he was posted to the 7th Veterinary Hospital.

The Corps was responsible for the medical care of aninals used by the army; predominantly horses, mules and pigeons.

In August 1914 the Corps comprised of the following:

  • AVC Depot (Woolwich)
  • No 1 Veterinary Hospital at Aldershot (made up of Nos 1 and 2 Sections AVC)
  • No 2 Veterinary Hospital at Woolwich (made up of Nos 3 and 4 Sections AVC)
  • No 3 Veterinary Hospital at Bulford (made up of Nos 5 and 6 Sections AVC)
  • No 4 Veterinary Hospital at the Curragh (made up of Nos 7 and 8 Sections AVC)
  • No 9 Section AVC at Pretoria (South Africa)
  • No 10 Section AVC at Potchefstroom (South Africa)
  • No 11 Section AVC at Colchester
  • Nso 12 and 13 Section AVC at Woolwich
  • A detachment at Shorncliffe
  • A detachment at Cairo (Egypt)
  • Territorial troops of the AVC serving with Divisional Veterinary Sections

At the outbreak of war, the Corps was reorganised to provide a Mobile Veterinary Section as part of each Division that went overseas. The 7th Veterinary Hospital was embedded with the 5th Cavalry Brigade (then 2nd Cavalry Division) and moved to France. The were based at Rouen in north-western France on the River Seine. Rouen is the historic capital city of Normandy.

Apart from being the Army Veterinary Corps main Depot base, Rouen was also where Commonwealth camps and hospitals were established (on the southern outskirts of the city). The Depot base was not only home to the Army Veterinary Corps but was a major supply depot (for the entire British & Commonwealth Armies). Rouen was also where the 3rd Echelon of General Headquarters were established.

His Death & Burial

johnhatlandcadleThe precise details of how John Hartland Cadle died are unknown, unusually the Commonweath Graves Commission do not record the details, other than to say he died on 3rd June 1918.

Although he was serving with the Veterinary Corps and headquartered at the Rouen Base Depot that is not necessarily where he met his death. Right up to the end of the war horses were used to move all sorts of loads including artillary pieces. And away from the Base Depot, John would be just as much a target as any other member of the British Army and its allies.

The last cavalry charge (on horses suppl,ied by the Army Veterinary Corps) on the Western Front was carried out during the German Spring Offensive in 1918 and it is possible that John was wounded or injured then and moved to one of the hospitals at Rouen.

What is known is that he is buried at grave Reference Q. II. F. 19 in the St. Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen, Part II, Departement de la Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France.

Almost all of the hospitals at Rouen remained there for practically the whole of the war. They included eight general, five stationary, one British Red Cross and one labour hospital, and No. 2 Convalescent Depot. A number of the dead from these hospitals were buried in other cemeteries, but the great majority were taken to the city cemetery of St. Sever. In September 1916, it was found necessary to begin an extension, where the last burial took place in April 1920.

The cemetery extension contains 8,348 Commonwealth burials of the First World War (ten of them unidentified). The extension was designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield.