Albert Edward Hickenbotham, paternal relative: Battle of St. Quentin March 1918

Albert Edward Hickenbotham was born during April 1887 in Derby, Derbyshire, England and was Killed in action at the Battle of St. Quentin 22 March 1918.

Albert Edward was the brother-in-law of a first cousin of the second wife of my paternal grandfather, the actual lineage is as follows:

  • Albert Edward Hickenbotham (1887 - 1918) - brother-in-law of 1st cousin of wife of paternal grandfather
  • John Hickenbotham (1854 - 1920) - father of Albert Edward Hickenbotham
  • John Robert Hickenbotham (1880 - 1929) - son of John Hickenbotham
  • Sarah Ann Brown (1878 - 1918) - wife of John Robert Hickenbotham
  • Charles Brown (1853 - 1905) - father of Sarah Ann Brown
  • Sarah Hudson (1821 - 1905) - mother of Charles Brown
  • Alice Jane Brown (1851 - 1909) - daughter of Sarah Hudson
  • Florence May Bassford (1883 - ) - daughter of Alice Jane Brown
  • Ephraim William Hyde (1887 - 1964) - husband of Florence May Bassford - my paternal grandfather
  • Gilbert Wilfred Hyde (1916 - 2006) - son of Ephraim William Hyde - my father
  • William G Hyde - me

His Family

Albert Edward's father wss John Hickenbotham (1854 - 1920) who was born in Tansley, Matlock, Derbyshire & died  in Derby, Derbyshire, England. John was a weaver and married to Ann. John & Ann had 6 children:

  • Annie Jane Hickenbotham (1874 – )
  • John Robert Hickenbotham (1880 – 1929)
  • Maria Hickenbotham (1882 – )
  • Albert Edward Hickenbotham (1887 – 1918)
  • Fredrick Hickenbotham (1889 – )
  • Mary Hickenbotham (1896 – )

Albert Edward married Sarah Jane (1887 - 1983) who born & died in Derby, Derbyshire, England during January 1908 in Derby. Albert was a Wagon Repairer and he & Sarah Jane hasd set up home at 69 Dean St, Derby. However by the time he enlisted in the Army in 1914 they were living at 28, Back Sitwell St. Derby. They did not have any children.

His Regiment

Albert Edward Hickenbotham was a driver in the 21st Division Ammunition Column, Royal Field Artillery nad had Service number 84074.

21st Divisional Ammunition Column, Royal Field Artillery served with 21st Division. 21st Division was established in September 1914, as part Kitchener's Third New Army. The Division concentrated in the Tring area, training at Halton Park before winter necessitated a move into local billets, with the artillery at High Wycombe and Berkhamsted. In May 1915 they moved to Aston Clinton with one brigade staying at Berkhamsted. On the 9th of August they moved to Witley Camp for final training.They proceeded to France during the first week of September and marched across France to going into the reserve for the British assault at Loos on the 26th of September suffering heavy casualties.

In 1916 they were in action in the Battles of The Somme, including The Battle of Morval in which the Division captured Geudecourt.

In 1917 they were in action during The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, the Arras offensive, the Third Battles of Ypres and The Cambrai Operations.

In 1918 they fought on The Somme then moved north and were in action during the Battles of the Lys, the Battle of the Aisne, The Somme, the Battles of the Hindenburg Line and the Final Advance in Picardy.

At the Armistice the Division were around Berlaimont, on the 12th they moved to Beaufort, then in mid December they moved west of Amiens and demobilisation began being completed by the 19th of May 1919.

Albert Edward's job was to drive the horses that hauled ammunition carts for the Artillery. He was Killed in action on 22 March 1918 during the Battle of St. Quentin.

Cemetery

albert-hickenbothamAlbert Edward Hickenbotham's passing is recorded on a panel at the Pozieres Memorial.

The Pozieres Memoriarelates to the period of crisis in March and April 1918 when the Allied Fifth Army was driven back by overwhelming numbers across the former Somme battlefields, and the months that followed before the Advance to Victory, which began on 8 August 1918.

The Memorial commemorates over 14,000 casualties of the United Kingdom and 300 of the South African Forces who have no known grave and who died on the Somme from 21 March to 7 August 1918. The Corps and Regiments most largely represented are The Rifle Brigade with over 600 names, The Durham Light Infantry with approximately 600 names, the Machine Gun Corps with over 500, The Manchester Regiment with approximately 500 and The Royal Horse and Royal Field Artillery with over 400 names.

The memorial encloses Pozieres British Cemetery, Plot II of which contains original burials of 1916, 1917 and 1918, carried out by fighting units and field ambulances. The remaining plots were made after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the battlefields immediately surrounding the cemetery, the majority of them of soldiers who died in the Autumn of 1916 during the latter stages of the Battle of the Somme, but a few represent the fighting in August 1918.

There are now 2,758 Commonwealth servicemen buried or commemorated in this cemetery. 1,380 of the burials are unidentified but there are special memorials to 23 casualties known or believed to be buried among them. There is also 1 German soldier buried here.

The cemetery and memorial were designed by W.H. Cowlishaw, with sculpture by Laurence A. Turner. The memorial was unveiled by Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien on 4 August 1930.